David G. Martin
Kadanoff Postdoctoral Fellow in theoretical physics within Vincenzo Vitelli's group.
Kadanoff Center for Theoretical Physics and Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago.
Former student at ENS Paris and Université Paris Cité.
ResumeResearch interests
My research aims at providing a broad understanding of the collective phenomena emerging from assemblies of entities driven far from equilibrium. Among the many different mechanisms driving particles out of equilibrium, I have studied motility, where particles exert selfpropulsion forces on their medium, nonreciprocal interactions, which do not derive from the gradient of a potential, and monitored systems, where measurements make the evolution nonunitary. The guiding questions underlying my research are the following: what are the macroscopic properties of such nonequilibrium assemblies? How can we characterize these properties and how do they rely on the mechanism driving the particles out of equilibrium at the microscopic scale? During my PhD, I have developed theoretical tools for quantifying nonequilibrium behaviors and applied them in various settings, from experimental assemblies of colloidal rollers and fluctuating field theories for flocking to emerging signatures in motile particles. During my postdoc, I have conjointly developed two research directions. The first concerns the largescale characterization of nonequilibrium agentbased models through coarsegraining methods while the other is devoted to the determination of critical properties in Measurementinduced Phase Transitions and nonreciprocal systems.

Modelling of social behavior with agentbased systems
Focusing on human residential dynamics in the United States, we use statistical mechanics and machine learning to verify that residential distributions evolve slowly and locally, establishing that a hydrodynamic approach is viable. We then construct a generic hydrodynamic model for socialdriven motility which relies on a microscopic utility function ruling agents' moves. Closing the loop, we deduce this utility function by analyzing the results of sociological surveys. Plugging it into our hydrodynamic evolution, we obtain a theory encompassing explicitly the link between microscopic motives and macroscopic behaviors. We use it to illustrate how trends in sociological surveys can explain trends observed in racial segregation.Publications :
 DS. Seara, J. Colen, M. Fruchart, Y. Avni, D. Martin, V. Vitelli
Sociohydrodynamics: datadriven modelling of social behavior
Under review at PNAS, 2312.17627 (December 2023)
arXiv
 DS. Seara, J. Colen, M. Fruchart, Y. Avni, D. Martin, V. Vitelli

The Nonreciprocal Ising Model
Systems with nonreciprocal interactions display oscillating states which are observed in finite systems, from neuroscience to active matter. In this work, we investigate the robustness of these phases in the thermodynamic limit by considering a nonreciprocal generalization of the Ising Model and studying its critical behavior through numerical and analytical approaches. Our simulations reveal that oscillating states are destroyed by fluctuations in dimension two but remain stable in dimension three, giving rise to robust spatiallydistributed clocks. Using finitesize scaling, we further determine the critical exponents of the transition to this oscillating phase.Publications :
 Y. Avni, M. Fruchart, D. Martin, D. Seara, V. Vitelli
The nonreciprocal Ising Model
Under review at Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv 2311.05471 (November 2023)
arXiv
 Y. Avni, M. Fruchart, D. Martin, D. Seara, V. Vitelli

The transition to collective motion in nonreciprocal active matter
Nonreciprocal interactions have recently benefitted from a surge of interest among the Statistical Mechanics community. However, their impact on canonical active systems has only been studied through either topdown phenomenology or meanfield dynamics so far. Together with Prof. Vincenzo Vitelli’s group, we introduced a microscopic active model endowed with nonreciprocal interactions. We then coarsegrained it exactly to obtain a bottomup hydrodynamics encapsulating the effect of microscopic nonreciprocity at large scale. This allowed us to quantitatively assess the impact of nonreciprocity on one of the paradigmatic transition in active matter: the emergence of collective motion.Publications :
 D. G. Martin, D. Seara, Y. Avni, M. Fruchart, V. Vitelli
An exact model for the transition to collective motion in nonreciprocal active matter
Under review at Phys. Rev. X., arXiv 2307.08251 (July 2023)
arXiv
 D. G. Martin, D. Seara, Y. Avni, M. Fruchart, V. Vitelli

KPZ physics and Measurementinduced Phase Transitions (MiPTs)
MiPTs are a hot topic at the crossroad of statistical physics and quantum information. In a serie of works, together with Dr. Tony Jin, we highlighted a connection between MiPTs and the physics of surface growth through the KPZ equation. Drawing on this connection, we have shown that MiPTs are generic transitions, occurring in classical and quantum statistical physics alike, in manybody and singlebody systems alike, and that their emergence crucially depends on dimensionality.Publications :
 T. Jin and D. G. Martin
KardarParisiZhang Physics and Phase Transition in a Classical Single Random Walker under Continuous Measurement
Phys. Rev. Lett. (November 2022), arXiv 2204.00070
PRL arXiv  T. Jin and D. G. Martin
Measurementinduced phase transition in a singlebody tightbinding model
Under review at Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv 2309.15034 (September 2023)
arXiv
 T. Jin and D. G. Martin

Effect of translational noise on Active Ornstein Uhlenbeck Particles
Usual brownian particles are only submitted to a gaussian white noise exhibiting no characteristic time. A more realistic model would further include additional fluctuations, endowed with such a memory time. Unfortunately, this colored noise drives the particle outofequilibrium and hinders analytical computations. I developed an exact perturbative expansion of the corresponding steadystate density, opening up theoretical insights for such a model. Together with Thibaut Arnoulx de Pirey, we used it to derive quantitative formulas for three activityinduced phenomena : the deviation from Boltzmann's distribution, the emergence of ratchet current, and the entropy production rate. Surprisingly, we found that these last two signatures, namely the current and the entropy production rate, can be nonmonotonic functions of T. Thus, depending on context, switching on translational diffusion may drive the particle closer to or further away from equilibrium.Publications :

Statistical Mechanics of Active Ornstein Uhlenbeck Particles
I developed in details the physics of Active Ornstein Uhlenbeck Particles (AOUPs), a canonical model of active agents. More particularly, I devised a perturbative scheme yielding the exact stationary measure at small activity. Building on this new result, I made quantitative predictions on activityinduced phenomena such as accumulation near walls and current emergence in Feymann ratchet. Such features of AOUPs had previously been observed and expected but had never been described both qualitatively and quantitatively. Careful langevin simulations using a Heun scheme coupled to an exact numerical integration of the active noise validated my formulas.Publications :

Emergence of collective motion in topologically aligning models
I studied the order of the transition to collective motion at the fieldtheoretical level. By using quasi linear renormalization, I showed that the fluctuations of the order parameter are triggering a densitydependent shift of the critical temperature. For metric model, this shift generically turns a spurious mean field continuous transition into a discontinuous one. Surprisingly, the mechanism also holds for topological models in which lengthfree interactions were previously believed to lead to continuous transitions. I confirmed my analytical predictions both by direct simulations of stochastic field theories (semi spectral method) and by numerical implementation of microscopic models (interacting langevin dynamic).Publications :
 D. G. Martin, H. Chaté, C. Nardini, A. Solon, J. Tailleur and F. Van Wijland
Fluctuationinduced phase separation in metric and topological models of collective motion
Phys. Rev. Lett. 126, 148001 (April 2021), arXiv 2008.01397
PRL arXiv  D. G. Martin, G. Spera, H. Chaté, C. Duclut, C. Nardini, J. Tailleur and F. Van Wijland
Fluctuationinduced First Order Transition to Collective motion
arXiv 2402.05078 (February 2024)
arXiv
 D. G. Martin, H. Chaté, C. Nardini, A. Solon, J. Tailleur and F. Van Wijland

Activityinduced solidification
In experiments realized in the group of D. Bartolo, dense assemblies of Quincke rollers collectively propelling undergo an arrested phase separation above a critical density : they lose their orientational order and jam. Combining flocking equations with the slowing down of rollers upon increasing density (or the physics of MIPS), I developed a minimalist hydrodynamic theory to account for this phenomenology. Solving numerically my PDE by using a semispectral scheme, I indeed showed the existence of a first order phase transition between a jammed solid state and a polar liquid state.Publications :

Optimal growth for Parabolic Anderson Model endowed with colored noise
The dilemma between the collection of available goods, whose instantaneous rate fluctuate or get depleted, and the stochastic search for new resources lies at the core of the exploreexploit paradigm widely observed in nature : cell colonies spreading in an environment, bankers reinvesting profits...
Optimal mining strategies are slaved to two timescales; one set by the variability of the environment, and the other by the speed of the explorative process. Indeed, if a spot remains fertile during a finite duration neither staying on it for too long (and seeing it depleted) nor leaving it very rapidly (and failing to harvest it properly) will maximize growth. There is, however, an additional lurking danger that must be coped with : localization. One might end up with a distribution concentrated among few abundant patches, and thus in a risky position with respect to shocks.
It is interesting to remark that all these characteristic features are encompassed in simple stochastic growth models, whose analytical and numerical study lies within the reach of current physicist technics. These minimalists model can be further confronted with real data, being it econophysic data (bonds, share) or biological data (cell colonization, population spreading).
Publications :

Thermodynamic engine fuelled by active particles
Stochastic thermodynamic is a theoretical framework allowing microscopic definitions of thermodynamic quantities such as heat, work or energy. When averaged over the phasespace, these quantities can be mapped to their corresponnding macroscopic counterparts and one can show that they are consistents with the empirical laws of thermodynamic.A canonical experiment exploiting stochastic thermodynamic is the colloidal heat engine : a colloidal tracer is immersed into a fluctuating bath and confined by a potential. The external operator can then vary both the confining potential and the fluctuations of the bath to create a microscopic heat engine. During the past decade, several experimental realizations have demonstrated the feasibility of building such engines, both for an equilibrium and a nonequilibrium bath.
One might then wonder what happens when the tracer becomes active : is it still possible to correctly define microscopic thermodynamic quantities ? Do they still map to macroscopic ones ? Does activity enhance or reduce the engine's power production ?
Publications :
Teaching experiences
So far, I have mainly given lectures in the medicine and pharmacy cursus at Université Paris Cité.
 (20182021) Exercise sessions in first year of medicine cursus (PACES) at Université Paris Cité: electrostatics, hydrodynamics, thermodynamics.
 (20182021) Geometrical and wave optics lectures in third year of pharmacy cursus at Université Paris Cité.
 (20182021) Goniometry and rheometry lab work sessions in third year of pharmacy cursus at Université Paris Cité.
Publication list
 D. Martin, G. Spera, H. Chaté, C. Duclut, C. Nardini, J. Tailleur and F. van Wijland
FluctuationInduced First Order Transition to Collective Motion
arXiv 2402.05078 (February 2024)
arXiv  DS. Seara, J. Colen, M. Fruchart, Y. Avni, D. Martin and V. Vitelli
Sociohydrodynamics: datadriven modelling of social behavior
Under review at PNAS, arXiv 2312.17627 (December 2023)
arXiv  Y. Avni, M. Fruchart, D. Martin, D. Seara and V. Vitelli
The nonreciprocal Ising Model
Under review at Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv 2311.05471 (November 2023)
arXiv  T. Jin and D. G. Martin
Measurementinduced phase transition in a singlebody tightbinding model
Under review at Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv 2309.15034 (September 2023)
arXiv  D. G. Martin, D. Seara, Y. Avni, M. Fruchart, V. Vitelli
The transition to collective motion in nonreciprocal active matter: coarse graining agentbased models into fluctuating hydrodynamics
Under review at Phys. Rev. X., arXiv 2307.08251 (July 2023)
arXiv  T. Jin and D. G. Martin
KardarParisiZhang Physics and Phase Transition in a Classical Single Random Walker under Continuous Measurement
Phys. Rev. Lett. (November 2022), arXiv 2204.00070
PRL arXiv  D. G. Martin and T. Arnoulx de Pirey
AOUP in the presence of Brownian noise: a perturbative approach
J. Stat. Mech. 043205 (April 2021), arXiv 2009.13476
JSTAT arXiv  D. G. Martin, J. O'byrne, M. E. Cates, E. Fodor, C. Nardini, J. Tailleur and F. Van Wijland
Statistical Mechanics of Active Ornstein Uhlenbeck Particles
Phys. Rev. E 103, 032607 (March 2021), arXiv 2008.12972
PRE arXiv  D. G. Martin, H. Chaté, C. Nardini, A. Solon, J. Tailleur and F. Van Wijland
Fluctuationinduced phase separation in metric and topological models of collective motion
Phys. Rev. Lett. 126, 148001 (April 2021), arXiv 2008.01397
PRL arXiv  D. Geyer, David G. Martin, J. Tailleur and D. Bartolo
Freezing a Flock: MotilityInduced Phase Separation in Polar Active Liquids
Phys. Rev. X 9 031043 (September 2019), arXiv 1903.01134
PRX arXiv  Thomas Gueudré and David G. Martin
Optimal growth entails risky localization in population dynamics
EPL (Europhys. Lett.) 121, 68005 (may 2018) arXiv 1712.00979
Selected as editor's choice
Selected as EPL Highlights
EPL arXiv  D. Martin, C. Nardini, M. E. Cates, and É. Fodor
Extracting maximum power from active colloidal heat engines
EPL (Europhys. Lett.) 121, 60005 (may 2018) arXiv 1803.01620
Selected as editor's choice
Selected as EPL Highlights
EPL arXiv
Preprints
2022
2021
2019
2018
Fellowships/Prizes/Awards
 April 2023: Recipient of SLiMEx Scientist Exchange Award (3k$) for a research stay at University of Santa Barbara with Prof. Cristina Marchetti.
 October 2022: Recipient of the 1k$ PhD award "Prix de thèse des systèmes complexes".
 20212024: Kadanoff Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of Chicago.
 20212022: Joint grant FACCTS of 25k$ with Vincenzo Vitelli at the University of Chicago.
 September 2019: best poster prize award at the frenchgerman WEHeraeus Seminar "Novel physics in living systems" in Roscoff, France.
Contact Me
Kadanoff Center For Theoretical Physics
933 E 56th St, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
dgmartin@uchicago.edu